How does the Skin Age?
The aging of the skin is a natural phenomenon, the skin ages just like all the other organs of the body. Our skin cells are constantly being renewed, in cycles of 28 days, but As a person ages, this cycle gets extended to 30 days or more. In this way, old cells accumulate, giving the appearance of dry skin, which when it worsens, causes wrinkles, this is why we must make a habit of moisturizing our skin.
The process by which the skin ages is a complex phenomenon which combines several events at the cellular level of the skin (death, mutations and cell degeneration : the chromosomes carrying the DNA shorten with each cell division (loss of small pieces of telomeres at the ends of chromosomes) :when the telomeres becomes too short, cells stop their divisions and enter senescence and apoptosis) and deep layers of the skin (thickening and transformation of the deep layers and in particular the area containing the collagen … the skin becomes less toned) . Finally, the tissue under the skin and fatty muscle tissue under the skin tend to melt, the skin is less tense and firm (facial ptosis )
And the most striking manifestation of the aging skin is the loss of skin elasticity: the elastic property is what allows a substance to return to its original shape after it is stretched. Thus, skin aging is mainly influenced by a delay of the skin in coming back to its initial position after being stretched. When this happens, the skin has almost completely lost its elasticity and it appears saggy with facial wrinkles.
We can distinguish the
- Fine wrinkles markedly worsened by the dehydration of the skin
- Expression lines caused by repeated facial muscle contractions . The face is especially rich in muscles particularly around the forehead (wrinkled forehead , frown lines … ), the area around the mouth (perioral pleated , naso labial ..) and eyes.
We also note for example the appearance of brown spots, red spots, white spots … : the effects of all of the above is called photo-damage. Most of which comes from excessive exposure to sunlight. Indeed, the sun is the major aggravating factor in skin aging.
What accelerates the skins aging process?
The skin cells are sensitive to oxidative stress, which is marked by the accumulation of “free radicals”, responsible for changes in the mitochondria ( the energy centers of the cell) , which causes a decrease in the vital energy of the cell. These free radicals are bad for your skin as they accelerate the natural aging process of the skin, which are generally those that increase oxidative stress factors . Among these the following may be mentioned:
The hormonal aging, particularly in postmenopausal women : many hormones such as the thyroid hormones, growth factors and particularly the sex hormones . The decrease in sex hormones in women after menopause accentuates the effects of skin aging. Moreover , the decline in female hormones ( estrogen in particular), making the little male hormones in the blood express themselves more, causing the appearance or accentuation of chin hair, and a tendency towards baldness. Deficiency of female hormones in postmenopausal women (unless she takes HRT ) causes a loss of about 2% of the collagen content in the deeper layers of skin per year (some on the same mode as the bone loss of osteoporosis ) skin , usually intensified by female hormones which tends to atrophy . Hot flashes tend to accentuate rosacea.
Best Anti Aging Skin Care Practices
A good diet for counteracting the effects of aging on the skin would be a diet low in anti-free radicals and essential fatty acids, The recommended diet for anti aging skin care would be a Mediterranean type diet rich in fruits and vegetables, legumes, starches, fish and very high quality food oils (rapeseed oil, grape seed, olive oil). In contrast, the ingestion of saturated and trans (cooked in fat foods) fatty acids, the type found in fast foods predisposes the skin to aging.
Tobacco: Tobacco smoke contains a large percentage of harmful substances to the skin , including Hyaluronic acid content and elastic fibers in the deeper layers of the skin: tobacco degrades hyaluronic acid and causes the accumulation of elastic fibers, in addition, the tobacco tends to thicken and revise the elastic deep layers of the skin (elastosis). Smoking gives the skin a gray and dull complexion and increases the retention of sebum in the skin, which is a source of acne. Should you find yourself addicted to smoking, then you should make use of a quit smoking guide!
Exposure to the Sun: The ultraviolet rays from the Sun are responsible for mutations within cells of the skin, which promotes skin cancers. Similarly, UV rays hinders the manufacture of elastic fibers in the deep layers of the skin, thereby precipitating elastosis and causing a less elastic, stiffer and thicker dermis. Finally, UV rays accelerates the renewal of and premature death of skin cells and so the skin becomes thinner and leathery. It is therefore very important that you protect yourself from the sun if you want to limit its effect on your skin.
Stress: Another factor that can also make your skin age faster, is stress. Stress increases the sensitivity of the skin to free radicals, environmental pollution and in particular pollutants in the atmosphere which disturb the skin’s immune defenses, and dry out the skin.
Best Anti Aging Treatments
You would be forgiven for thinking you might need a PhD in chemistry to choose a skin treatment these days! As well as basic moisturizers, there are a whole host of special treatments, serums and gels that are designed to treat specific problems. So we have rounded up the best anti aging skin care treatments available today.
- Dermology Anti Aging Solution.
This widely popular anti aging skin care solution combines the power of four naturally occurring chemical compounds to create a trully effective solution for retarding the effects of aging on the skin. These chemical compounds are Hyaluronic acid, Matrixyl 3000, Argireline and Resveratrol. These compounds act collectively to return the skin to it’s optimum condition, Hyaluronic acid firms up the skin and tightens loose pores that make the skin look saggy, while Matrixl 3000 which is an antioxidant, improves the body’s production of Collagen, which is vital for maintaining the skin’s elasticity.You can read a more detailed review of Dermology anti aging solution here or find out more about the product here.
- Anti Aging Treatment by Revitol
The Revitol Anti Aging Solution is a cutting edge anti-wrinkle cream which can help you look a lot younger and more beautiful by reducing the appearance of fine lines, facial wrinkles and other adverse effects of aging on the skin. This revolutionary anti aging cream utilizes the most advanced ingredients available today. The active ingredients in the anti aging treatment by revitol skin care are great for firming up, hydrating, and tightening facial skin and they also help to reverse the appearance of fines lines on the skin.
To find more on how Revitol skin care company can restore your skin click here.
Venorex™ is basically a professional strength formula, it provides a natural alternative for those who don’t want to go through the more expensive laser procedures. The ingredients used in manufacturing Venorex includes a highly concentrated botanical complex, active plant extracts, anti-aging peptides, vitamins and other specially selected ingredients to help reduce the appearance of varicose, spider and thread veins on face and body. It helps decrease the appearance of red blotches on cheeks and helps diminish the look of under eye dark circles. Click here for moredetails on Venorex can be beneficial to you.
A Beginners Guide to Anti Aging Skin Care
Are you losing the ‘flush of youth’? The skin is our first line of defense, and hence the skin is constantly under attack every day; from the sun, wind, and lack of proper hydration or care. Fairly soon you will look in the mirror and wonder when your skin started to look so dull or wrinkles started to appear.
As with most things in life, preventive care is often a better course of action. However, for those who have not had eight of sleep every night, moisturized their skin regularly, stayed out of the sun and never touched alcohol what is needed is to reduce further aging and regain a more vibrant appearance. Where do you begin?
Regardless of one’s age, it is awfully important that we take the necessary actions to protect our skin from the sun’s rays. In the not too distant past, we were unaware of the exact danger posed by too much exposure to the sun. It now behooves on us to take the necessary actions to protect ourselves from the sun’s ultra violet rays. Both UVA(ultra violet alpha) and (ultra violet beta) rays are major causes of skin burns and wrinkles and the dreaded cancer cells.
No matter your age, it is awfully vital that you take the proper precautions to protect your skin from harmful rays from the sun, while the harmful effects of too much exposure to sunlight were not as well known a few years ago, as there are today, it now behooves on us to take measures that will protect our skins from the harmful ultra violet rays from the sun. Regardless of the weather Your skin is still exposed to the sun’s rays each and everyday, so you ought to use a foundation or a moisturizer or with a sunscreen that has an SPF of 15 or higher daily. Both UVA and UVB rays are the major contributors to wrinkles and skin burns not to mention skin cancer.
When the skin starts aging, it tends to become drier. As for the different skin types, dry skin is more prone to wrinkles than other skin types, so moisturizers are very essential in keeping the needed moisture in the skin. Today you can get far more from a basic moisturizer than you would a few years ago. When you start a moisturizer routine, your skin is sure to retain hydration and maintain it’s supple texture as well as a reduction of fine lines.
Nowadays issues about pollution and climate change are taking center stage, most of us are now aware of the harmful effects of air pollutants and chemicals in our foods. These pollutants and chemicals produce free radicals in the body. When you have free radicals in the body, it breaks down the Elastin and collagen in the skin cells which in-turn leads to wrinkly and saggy skin. A simple solution to this, is to make use of supplements and facial products which contain antioxidants, you can also adjust your diet to eat more of foods containing antioxidants, doing this will ensure that the collagen and Elastin which keeps the skin supple and firm are protected.
AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acids)
AHA is available in various forms, ranging from ones you can buy at your local store to a dermatologist’s applied formulations. The AHA works by sloughing off skin in what is commonly called a ‘peel’. For starters, a mild formula can be used at home to treat fine lines while for harsher peels you would have to visit your Dermatologist.
NUTRITION and HYDRATION
As we all know, the saying “garbage in, garbage out”, generally holds true. We are only a reflection of what we eat. The best protection you can have against the harmful effects of aging is to provide your body with all the nutrition it needs to stay healthy, and you can only achieved this with a mix of a balanced diet of fresh, healthy food. Limit the consumption of foods that are potentially harmful to your skin’s health such as caffeine, cigarettes and alcohol.
Make it a habit to always drink plenty of water throughout the day, this will generally improve the texture of your skin and fight dryness of the skin. Eating healthy can provide the skin with vitamin’s C and E that are quite rich in antioxidants. Add to the above steps a regular dose of good sleep, then you can be sure you are well on your way to getting the fresh, vibrant skin you desire!
Photo credit; Zenspa1 (creative commons)